Dr. Anna-Liisa Heusala is a university lecturer in Russian and Eurasian studies in the Aleksanteri Institute, University of Helsinki. She is a political scientist, who focuses on public administration and comprehensive security. She first came to the Aleksanteri Institute in 1998, and has been a visiting researcher in the Russian Academy of Sciences, a special advisor in the Ministry of Justice and a researcher in the Police University College in Finland. She has carried out several commissioned projects for offices of the Finnish Government, including the Prime Minister’s Office and the Ministries of Justice, Internal Affairs and Defence. Her recent publications include Heusala, A-L (2018), The Soviet Legacy of ‘national security’ in Russian Migration Policy. Russian Politics 3: 430-450, and Heusala, A-L and Aitamurto, K (2017), Migrant Workers in Russia. Global Challenges of the Shadow Economy in Societal Transformation. Abingdon: Routledge.