Ekaterina Arutyunova is a senior researcher at the Institute of Sociology of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. Her research interests include problems of interethnic relations, ethnic, regional and civil identities in the regions of the Russian Federation, focusing now on the issues of language policy and language practice in education in the republics of Russia. Dr. Arutyunova participated in numerous regional studies in Russia using quantitative and qualitative methods of sociology.